Posts Tagged ‘credit history’

Conventional and FHA loans revisited

January 8, 2010

In 2008, I released a series of posts comparing the pros and cons of conventional and FHA loans.  If you haven’t noticed, a lot has changed in the last couple of years.

On that note, I thought it wise to make note of new guidelines and highlight some changes to existing guidelines for both conventional and FHA loans. For reference, I will also provide links back to the original posts from April to June 2008.

Minimum credit score requirements (click here for the original post):

  • Lenders now require a 620+ credit score for FHA loans (a 660+ credit score for some programs). Credit scores between 620-660 may see a slightly increased interest rate.  – this is a change from no minimum credit score requirements
  • Conventional loans also require a minimum credit score of 620+, but interest rates for scores under 680 see a noticeably higher interest rate. – this is a change from possible approval below 620 and higher rate adjustments occurred below 620.

Credit history requirements (new requirement):

  • Brand new – FHA loans now require borrowers to have at least three active OR recently closed trade lines (accounts) in their credit history.  See this recent post for more details.
  • Conventional loans do not have this requirement.

Minimum down payment requirements (click here for the original post):

  • FHA loans require a minimum down payment of 3.5% regardless of the credit score. – change from 3%
  • FHA down payment assistance programs are no longer allowed.
  • Conventional loans require a minimum down payment of 5% and a 680+ credit score in order to obtain Private Mortgage Insurance.  – no change in the amount needed down, but the minimum credit score requirement is new
  • If a borrower’s credit score is below 680, then a 20% down payment will be required on conventional loans.

Private Mortgage Insurance (click here and here for original posts):

  • FHA loans still require an up front Mortgage Insurance Premium fee of 1.75% of the loan amount. The fee is rolled into the loan amount. – change from 1.5% up front fee
  • FHA monthly mortgage insurance payments are still lower than conventional loans.
  • Conventional loans do not have an up front fee, which is why their monthly premiums are higher than FHA loans.

The last couple of years haven’t changed the overall differences between FHA and conventional loans.  They have however tightened up the qualifying guidelines making planning ahead crucial. If you are looking to buy (or refinance) a home in the next 6-12 months, give me a call to help ensure you everything is in order when you make an offer on a home.

Out with the old…

December 31, 2009

… and in with new FHA guidelines. Given the time of year, it seems almost appropriate.  Regarding the new change…

FHA loans now require borrowers to not only have a minimum qualifying credit score to be approved for a loan, borrowers also need to have at least three trade lines (accounts) in their credit history.  The three trade lines must:

  • Trade lines can be a credit card(s), student loan, car loan, mortgage
  • Have at least 12 months of history (current or closed account)
  • If an account is closed, it cannot be closed more than 24 months ago or it will not be counted toward the required three trade lines

Because of this new change, even if a borrower has the minimum down payment (3.5%) and a qualifying credit score (620+), they would still not qualify if the new trade line requirement is not met.

Why would FHA require this? There has not been an official statement, but they could be thinking “if there are only one or two trade lines, is the credit score an accurate score based on the limited history.” Regardless of the reason, this is just one more item to keep in mind when looking to buy a home.

I’ve said this before and I will say it again, planning ahead is key.  Knowing where you stand, how much you can afford, and when it the best time to move forward is essential in this ever changing market.